What: The volume of the agricultural wastes is estimated by about 35 million tons per year, of which, about 23 million tons of vegetarian wastes (utilized by about 7 million tons feed, 4 million tons of organic fertilizer and about 12 million tons are left without avail). In addition to animal wastes which reach to about 12 million tons per year (utilized by about 3 million tons as organic fertilizer and about 9 million tons, per year, are left without avail). This refers to that about 21 million tons of agricultural wastes (plant and animal), per year, are left without avail and lead to the contamination of the agricultural environment. So It becomes necessary to activate the attention to recycle the agricultural wastes of crops that constitute a large proportion of wastes.
Also, it becomes necessary to activate the most suitable means to convert these wastes into materials with economic value that contribute to increase the productivity of agricultural crops, save energy, improve the environment.
why: The problem of agriculture wastes becomes very obvious and aggregated after the harvest of crops. That is because, at this time of the season, the farmer is in a rush to re-cultivate his land, therefore, getting rid of the wastes has his highest priorities, usually by burning. This method, burning not only is considered an economic loss but also has harmful effects on the environment. These harmful effects are the emission of poisons gases to the air and reducing the microbial activities in the soil and harmful on the health of the humans.
In addition, storing these wastes in the field after compacting may make it a suitable environment for the reproduction and growth of pests and pathogens that will attack new crops. Therefore, utilization of agriculture wastes in any other environmentally friendly way is very important.
How: The only solution to this waste is recycling and utilize it in raising the proportion of organic matter in the soil and increase the biological activity of the soil, and that through the production of compost that resulting of the agricultural waste fermentation, Because we are at Baramoda recognize the importance of preserving the environment so we have recycled more than 9188 ton of agricultural waste and produce more than 5550 ton of compost from wastes.
Compost takes a huge amount of material, up to 75%, out of the solid waste stream.